Increasing Rates of Fluoroquinolone Resistance in Escherichia coli Blood and Urinary Isolates in Stem Cell Transplant and Hematologic Malignancy Populations

Christopher G. Hauck, Pearlie P. Chong, Melissa B. Miller, Katarzyna Jamieson, Jason P. Fine, Matthew C. Foster, Thomas C. Shea, David van Duin

Abstract


Fluoroquinolone (FQ) antibiotics have been shown to reduce mortality and the number of febrile episodes when used as prophylaxis during neutropenia. Prior studies suggest that prophylaxis may result in increasing rates of FQ resistance. Fluoroquinolone non-susceptibility trends in Escherichia coli isolated from blood and urine cultures were evaluated over a 16-year period during which prophylaxis was initiated in patients with hematologic malignancies and stem cell transplants. Non-susceptibility rates increased after the introduction of prophylaxis, with yearly non-susceptibility rates rising from 30%­–33% to 40%–88% in blood isolates. The high rates of non-susceptibility now observed raise concerns about the continued efficacy of FQ prophylaxis. This concern exists particularly in those patients undergoing stem cell transplants where the total FQ non-susceptibility rates over the study period were 82.3%. Further evaluation of the effect of FQ prophylaxis on antibiotic resistance and its efficacy in the setting of increased rates of resistance is warranted.


Keywords


Fluoroquinolone resistance; Escherichia coli; stem cell transplant; hematologic malignancy

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References


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Copyright (c) 2016 Christopher G. Hauck, Pearlie P. Chong, Melissa B. Miller, Katarzyna Jamieson, Jason P. Fine, Matthew C. Foster, Thomas C. Shea, David van Duin

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